Faravid – Historian ja arkeologian tutkimuksen aikakauskirja https://faravid.journal.fi/ <p>Faravid on Pohjois-Suomen Historiallinen Yhdistys ry:n julkaisema kahdesti vuodessa ilmestyvä historian ja arkeologian tutkimuksen aikakauskirja.</p> Pohjois-Suomen Historiallinen Yhdistys ry fi-FI Faravid – Historian ja arkeologian tutkimuksen aikakauskirja 0356-5629 History Culture as a Marker of Past-discourse https://faravid.journal.fi/article/view/112681 Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen Copyright (c) 2021 Faravid – Historian ja arkeologian tutkimuksen aikakauskirja https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.fi 2021-12-21 2021-12-21 52 5 13 "History Culture" and the Continuing Crisis of History https://faravid.journal.fi/article/view/112682 <p>The article takes aim at a core difficulty with many current conceptualizations of “historical”<br />culture – that of striking a balance between the common attribution of special privilege to the<br />discipline of history and professional historians and a potential, emerging democratization of<br />talk about the past. Seeking some working middle ground is seen as particularly timely given<br />the contemporary media culture environment where sentiment appears to increasingly favour<br />choosing one’s positioning relatively freely from facts and expertise. To this end, views presented<br />under the umbrella term of <em>historical</em> culture, which largely appear to reserve a curatorial role<br />for the various history professionals, are complemented by more explicitly emancipatory<br />orientations from debates on perceived shifts in public focus to heritage and memory as well<br />as from key postmodern-inspired approaches to thinking about the past. Several terminological<br />recommendations are argued for, chief among them a reconceptualization of the overall field<br />in terms of <em>history</em> culture, whereby professional history and popular and public “parahistory”<br />practices might more readily be viewed as on equal footing.</p> Kalle Pihlainen Copyright (c) 2021 Faravid – Historian ja arkeologian tutkimuksen aikakauskirja https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.fi 2021-12-21 2021-12-21 52 17 35 Historical Culture and the Mediated Narratives of Nation https://faravid.journal.fi/article/view/112683 <p>Academic history is only one of the many forms of mediating history. Popular practices, such<br />as entertainment, identity projects and policy justifications often have a more effective role in<br />historical culture than academic history. Public traditions, such as national commemorations are<br />the central scenes of historical culture. They call for a discussion of the essence of nations and<br />nationalism in the public sphere.</p> <p>During globalisation and the rise of multiculturalism, national histories are increasingly said<br />to be a ‘broken mirror’: there are several and contested narratives about a nation. On the other<br />hand, there is also a strong tendency to emphasise and reinforce national ‘master narratives’<br />among nations evoked by social-national conservatism and the overall rise of populist<br />nationalism.</p> <p>This essay discusses what role historical culture and historical consciousness plays in the<br />narrating of a nation. The starting point here is Finnish historical culture. The essay suggests approaches how to study historical culture from a perspective that takes into account the<br />production as well as the reception context of historical culture in narrating nation. It calls for<br />studies that analyse the relationship between academic history and other forms of historical<br />culture, namely media representation of history. The essay emphasises the importance of<br />mediated and aesthetic forms of historical culture in creating a view of the history of a nation.</p> Jukka Kortti Copyright (c) 2021 Faravid – Historian ja arkeologian tutkimuksen aikakauskirja https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.fi 2021-12-21 2021-12-21 52 37 50 Media Conscious Understanding of Historical Popular Culture https://faravid.journal.fi/article/view/112684 <p>This article focuses on popular historical culture, particularly on how the use of digital media<br />has changed our engagements with historical culture. Popular historical culture is discussed as<br />a cultural phenomenon that is present across all media. Because of the digitalization of media,<br />cultural practices related to history have fragmented, and historical culture is engaged with in<br />a variety of ways. These engagements can take widely different forms depending on the media<br />used. In this article I argue that a more media cognizant understanding of historical culture needs<br />to be developed. This is necessary because digitalized media has changed our dealings with<br />historical knowledge, and remediation is constantly challenging our perception of how “reality”<br />can be properly represented.</p> <p>In the paper, I discuss how theoretical works related to historical culture have a slightly<br />troubled relation to digital media, and do not properly take into account how media content is<br />consumed today. I argue that the source of these troubles is at least partially the hegemony of<br />memory-related theory in the scholarly understanding of historical culture. The current scholarly<br />discussion of historical culture mainly lacks understanding of how popular media functions and<br />is engaged in the digital age. For this reason, central aspects of digitally mediated historical<br />culture do not receive enough scholarly interest.</p> <p>In the article, I employ a framework based on media studies for understanding popular<br />historical culture. By doing so, I distance my analysis from discussions related to memory<br />and begin to develop a view, in which instantiations of popular historical culture are seen as<br />converging media that people engage with in hopes of gaining more knowledge about the past.<br />Here, different instantiations of popular historical culture are seen as entry-points to more<br />history-related content, rather than as competing holistic representations. This leads to an<br />alternative knowledge-centered interpretation of why popular historical culture is engaged with.</p> Ilkka Lähteenmäki Copyright (c) 2021 Faravid – Historian ja arkeologian tutkimuksen aikakauskirja https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.fi 2021-12-21 2021-12-21 52 51 68 The Exemplary Minna Canth as "the Brave Defender of All Those Who Had Been Oppressed and Hurt" – Practices and Politics of Feminist Commemoration in Finland, 1900 to 1944 https://faravid.journal.fi/article/view/112685 Tiina Kinnunen Copyright (c) 2021 Faravid – Historian ja arkeologian tutkimuksen aikakauskirja https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 52 69 88 History Culture of Living Experience (Erlebnis): Dangers and Possibilities for Historiography in the Era of 'Experience Society' (Erlebnisgesellschaft) https://faravid.journal.fi/article/view/112686 <p>History culture (broadly, the use of history) always reflects changing culture. We now live in a kind of aftermath of the twentieth century, which Eric Hobsbawm called “the age of extremes”. This characterisation describes very well the state of western culture today as well: rapidly changing information technology, postmodern relativisation of traditional values and optimistic belief in progressive modernisation, new global problems with nature (climate change, species extinction, Covid) are all signs of extreme times. So far as history always reflects the present, this current state of the world brings many new challenges for historians. New trends like environmental history try to answer these challenges from a historical perspective.In this paper, I take only one specific aspect of this state of culture into consideration: how does ‘experience society’, in which people seek strong affective experiences, effect our view of history? I approach this question conceptually, taking the concept of ‘living experience’ (originally in German: <em>Erlebnis</em>) into consideration. Through its analysis, I sketch a kind of present-state anthropology of historical knowledge. Especially the commercial pressures of experience society, competition with other brands of popular culture, effects the use of history in the present culture.The German word <em>Erlebnis</em> is difficult to translate into English. It refers to existentially important experiences and I’ll translate it here as ‘living experience’. This relatively young concept was born at the beginning of the nineteenth century (Fichte) and later in German philosophy of life at the end of the century signified existentially important experiences. I analyse in my article the conceptual history of this concept in German philosophy until Heidegger, who connected it critically to modern, in his mind shallow, culture. ‘Experience society’ was later analysed by German sociologist Gerhard Schulze in his book <em>Erlebnisgesellschaft</em> (1997). Experience society expresses the extensive aestheticization of our life: how we present ourselves in Twitter, Facebook and so on has created new fields of everyday aesthetics. Our identities are shallow and changing. My hypothesis in this paper is that our concept of history is changing accordingly: when not totally forgotten, history must become more affective and interesting, full of curiosities which appeal to our senses. There is also a danger that historical research increasingly picks up such subjects that respond to this shallow culture.</p> Kari Väyrynen Copyright (c) 2021 Faravid – Historian ja arkeologian tutkimuksen aikakauskirja https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2021-12-21 2021-12-21 52 89 102 Historia Magistra Vitae? The Role of Historiography in Culture and Politics https://faravid.journal.fi/article/view/112687 <p>In this text I analyze the relationship between historiography, politics, and wider historical<br />culture. Starting point for my argumentation are the organization “Historians without Borders”<br />and a contentious resolution by the “Association of German Historians” from 2018. In a first<br />step, I shortly reconstruct the relationship between politics, historical culture, and historiography<br />that is presupposed by both the organization and the resolution. Next, I argue that historiography<br />has a specific and unique role to play in historical culture and democracy as producer of historical<br />knowledge and understanding and that there are legitimate political interests that directly stem<br />from those activities. In particular, based on their professional activities historians have good<br />grounds to stand in for the establishment or maintenance of deliberative democratic systems<br />with which their professional endeavour shares many principles and commonalities.</p> Georg Gangl Copyright (c) 2021 Faravid – Historian ja arkeologian tutkimuksen aikakauskirja https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.fi 2021-12-21 2021-12-21 52 103 122